Greenhouse Gas Reduction Plans:Purpose of Tool:
Greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction plans are action plans developed by local governments to reduce locally generated greenhouse gas emissions. A greenhouse gas emission is an emission of carbon dioxide, methane and other gases due to human or natural events contributing to measureable global warming and/or climate change. GHG reduction plans help residents, businesses, and local governments achieve cost savings, promote cleaner air, rely less on imported fossil fuels, and move toward a more sustainable energy economy by monitoring and decreasing their GHG emissions.
Benefits of Using Tool:
When implemented, the local area benefits of a GHG reduction plan include:
Steps Involved to Use Tool:
The Cities for Climate Protection Campaign (CCP) program, which is administered under the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI), focuses on the reduction of international greenhouse gas emissions through an action plan developed for local governments. The following five milestones formulate the framework of the local government action plan.
Special Requirements to Use Tool:
Currently, there is no federal mandate for GHG emission reporting or reduction in the United States. Local support and action, in addition to strong support from State legislation, is needed to achieve a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.
Specials Resources Needed to Use Tool:
In order for local governments to conduct their baseline emission inventory and emission forecast, they must capture community-wide transportation, energy, and materials data. After completing the initial inventory and forecast, these data need to be available on a regular basis to evaluate the effectiveness of the GHG mitigation policies.
The following types of community-wide data are required on a regular basis:
Communities / Agencies that Have Used Tool:
California Community Development Agency - Sustainability Team
Durham City and County
Tobin L. Freid,
ICLEI World Secretarist
401 Richmond Street, Studio 417
Toronto, Ontario, M5V 3A8
Metrics to Use to Monitor Tool Effectiveness:
Local governments across the country are closely monitoring and charting the results of the implementation of local action plans, and as a result, are seeing reduced energy usage. Measures such as reduced energy usage, conversion to alternative fuels, reduction of emissions, and reduction of landfill waste are typical metrics used to measure the progress of the Local Action Plans. Examples include Denver, Colorado, which implemented a plan in 2005 and has seen a 7.8% reduction in energy use per passenger at the Denver International Airport. In addition, all city diesel vehicles now utilize B20 biodiesel fuel, which reduces hydrocarbon emissions by 20%.
List of Resources to Obtain Additional Info: