Greenway Planning:Purpose of Tool:
Greenways are linear open space corridors, such as paths or trails, providing connections and access to parks and greenspaces, neighborhoods, workplaces, schools and/or shopping centers. The three major functions of greenways include the protection and/or enhancement of natural, cultural and historic resources; the provision of linear open space for compatible human use; and connectivity between conservation lands, communities, parks, and other recreational, cultural, historic and community sites. Recreational opportunities, as well as safe and pleasant travel alternatives, are also expanded when trails are located within the greenways.
Benefits of Using Tool:
Greenways significantly contribute to the quality of life within a community and have the following benefits:
Steps Involved to Use Tool:
The following steps describe the greenway planning process:
Special Requirements to Use Tool:
Greenways have become a priority for many state agencies that deal with environmental issues, recreation, land use, and transportation. State agencies and local governments are focusing on the planning and implementation of greenways as the need arises to promote better and more efficient land use planning, provide alternative transportation options, reduce congestion, and protect and enhance the natural environment and resources. To be successful, these efforts require a collaborative initiative from local government and state transportation and environmental agencies to channel resources for greenway development.
Specials Resources Needed to Use Tool:
Greenway planning requires a broad array of data collected from various sources. Information such as land use plans, zoning, natural resources, hydrology, park and green spaces, and socioeconomic and demographic data are needed. In addition, an understanding of policies at the state and local level, as well as public and stakeholder input, is critical to successful greenway planning.
Communities / Agencies that Have Used Tool:
Parks and Recreation, Greenways Commission
200 Plant Road
Chapel Hill, NC 27514
Greensboro Department of Transportation
300 West Washing Street
Greensboro, North 27401
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
Greenways and Trails, firstname.lastname@example.org
400 Market Street
Harrisburg, PA 17105
Metrics to Use to Monitor Tool Effectiveness:
Greenways contribute to the overall quality of life of a community or state and the measurement of the success of the greenways is dependent upon the identified goals of each jurisdiction. For example, the State of Pennsylvania lost much of its agricultural land to urban areas over the last 25 years. This rate has a sizeable economic impact on the agricultural industry, but also threatens some of the unique characteristics of Pennsylvania. The development of the Pennypack Greenway Corridor helped to preserve the rural dairy farm landscape in the areas surrounding the cities of Montgomery and Philadelphia. Other goals, such as linking communities, encouraging a healthier lifestyle, and preserving local heritage were met by the York County Heritage Trail, a “Rails-to-Trails” project in York County, Pennsylvania.
List of Resources to Obtain Additional Info: