LAND USE PLANNING NEAR FREIGHT RAIL FACILITIES:Purpose of Tool:
of the industrial nature of freight rail transportation facilities and their specific traffic access and circulation needs, land use planning for the areas surrounding them is especially important. These planning activities can include environmental or community impact studies, a land use assessment, and / or an economic development analysis. Land use planning and analysis activities should support improved coordination between neighboring land uses, and be integrated into any relevant comprehensive or region-wide freight transportation strategy. The goals of such an analysis can include:
Benefits of Using Tool:
Land use planning near freight facilities can minimize potential conflicts between freight transport and nearby land uses while supporting any relevant region-wide freight transport plan. This practice has the following economic and employment benefits for a community or region at large:
Steps Involved to Use Tool:
Land use assessments performed for areas surrounding freight facilities typically identify strategies to achieve mutually supporting freight facility operations and surrounding land uses. In most cases, such efforts are led by the public agency responsible for the zoning, land use and transportation coordination in the area. Public agencies and communities working together can enhance the freight and land use relationship by implementing any of the following techniques:
Special Requirements to Use Tool:
A number of variables can alter the process of land use planning near freight transit operations, which makes it difficult to apply a uniform method or process across a variety of freight facility settings. A more standardized option to consider for coordinating land use and freight transport is a combined freight and land use concept popular in Europe known as the “Freight Village.” In the U.S., Freight Villages are sometimes known as “Integrated Logistics Centers” (ILC). Freight Villages are defined as a cluster of freight-related businesses located inside a secure perimeter operated under single management structure. Freight Villages usually offer intermodal transfer options, logistics services, integrated distribution, warehousing capabilities, showrooms, and support services. Such support services might include: security, maintenance, mail, banking, customs and import management assistance, cafeterias, restaurants, office space, conference rooms, hotels, and public or activity-center transportation.
Specials Resources Needed to Use Tool:
The following tools and resources can help improve land use planning near freight facilities:
Communities / Agencies that Have Used Tool:
The Regional Freight Plan Project of the New York Metropolitan Transportation Council (NYMTC) was developed to create a roadmap for the improvement of freight transportation in the greater New York City area. The plan presents a wide range of strategies and actions that include capital projects, operational improvements, and policy changes. NYMTC worked closely with partner communities and agencies to coordinate land use planning and freight transport using the following process and methods:
New York Metropolitan Transportation Council (NYMTC)
199 Water Street, 22nd Floor
New York, NY 10038-3534
firstname.lastname@example.org (Howard Mann, Freight Planning Unit)
Metrics to Use to Monitor Tool Effectiveness:
Employment and freight volume statistics can be a good indicator of (1) the potential for successful implementation of Freight Villages / ILCs or other land use and freight transit coordination efforts in the U.S., and (2) the scale of freight transport and land use planning possible at Freight Villages / ILCs in the U.S. For example:
List of Resources to Obtain Additional Info:
See the following sources for more information:
1 The Union County Department of Economic Development, A Global Freight Village in the Tremley Point Area, New Jersey, 2005, slide 19.
2 Caroline Marshall, Coordinating Freight Mobility and Land Use Planning in the Atlanta Region, Atlanta Regional Freight and Mobility Plan, 2007, slide 7.
3 Caroline Marshall, Coordinating Freight Mobility and Land Use Planning in the Atlanta Region, Atlanta Regional Freight and Mobility Plan, 2007, slide 19.
4 Include a hyperlink here to the “Activity Center Transportation” tool description.
5 The Union County Department of Economic Development, A Global Freight Village in the Tremley Point Area, New Jersey, 2005. Online: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/download/hep/freightplanning/talkingfreight05_18_05rw.ppt#2
6 Caroline Marshall, Coordinating Freight Mobility and Land Use Planning in the Atlanta Region, Atlanta Regional Freight and Mobility Plan, 2007, slide 24.
7 New York Metropolitan Transportation Council, 2005-2030 Draft Regional Transportation Plan, Freight Plan, Appendix F. Online: http://www.nymtc.org/files/RTP05files/appx_F.pdf
8 Howard Mann, New York Metropolitan Transportation Council, Freight Village, NYMTC Brown Bag Presentation, 2005, slide 11.
9 New York Metropolitan Transportation Council, 2005-2030 Draft Regional Transportation Plan, Freight Plan, Appendix F, page 2.
10 FHWA, Talking Freight Transcript, Freight and Land Use Presentations, November 19, 2008, Online: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/freightplanning/nov1908transcript.htm